Indonesia is the largest palm oil producing country in the world that has driven the growth of the palm oil-based processing industry. In addition, government also encourages CPO-based downstream industry to increase domestic consumption. Therefore, this study aimed : 1) to identify national consumption of palm cooking oil for households and industries, 2) to analyze the behavior and preferences of cooking oil consumption by households and industries, and 3) to identify the consumption of palm oil-based oleochemical products compared to other vegetable oil-based oleochemical products. Data was collected by field survey in 9 provinces with 600 respondents of households and institutions (hotel, restaurant, catering, street food, and small food industry) and by conducting a FGD with participants coming from oleochemical industry. The results showed Indonesia’s palm oil production oriented mostly for export purpose (75-80 %). Households consumed cooking oil and margarine/butter accounting for 11.6 million tons and 133 thousand tons, respectively. Palm cooking oil was the most dominant cooking oil consumed by the respondents while other vegetable cooking oils (coconut, canola, sun seed, rapeseed) were not its substitute. In addition, its use for oleofood amounted to around 10 million tons in 2018 and 10,072 million tons in 2019. Export data on CPO-derived oleochemical products varied greatly in terms of form, product mix and trademarks. The downstream industry of palm oil based oleofood has developed in the last years, resulting in domestic CPO consumption to increase significantly.
Dewan Minyak Sawit Indonesia (DMSI) dan Badan Pengelola Dana Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit (BPDPKS)
Dr. Tanti Novianti
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